http://www.tomrichey.net Tom Richey explains the powers of the distinctive characteristics of the two houses of the United States Congress: the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate is the Upper House of Congress where all states are represented equally in a small legislative body with aristocratic traditions. The House of Representatives, or Lower House, is a larger body with seats apportioned based on population. In addition to its unique aristocratic traditions of "senatorial courtesy," the Senate has the distinct powers of ratifying treaties and confirming presidential appointments to the federal bench, the cabinet, and of foreign ambassadors. The House, being closest to the people and elected more often, has the sole authority to initiate revenue (taxation) bills. This material can be found in Chapter 12 of the Edwards text for AP Government in case anyone cares.
Views: 549220 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net An introduction to the Revolutions of 1848 - the first part of a series covering these simultaneous (but ultimately unsuccessful) revolutions. Later segments will focus on the individual revolutions in France, the German States, and Italy, as well as an examination of why neither Britain nor Russia experienced a revolution during this time. This lecture was designed primarily for AP European History and Western Civilization students, but should be good for anyone interested in the subject.
Views: 207672 Tom Richey
This is a clip from the Charlton Heston film, The Ten Commandments (1956), in which Moses raises an obelisk. I do not own the rights to this content and am posting it for non-commercial, educational purposes.
Views: 144408 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/euro What Does Thomas Hobbes Say? While I answer the question in my e-lecture on Hobbes and Locke (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N2LVcu01QEU), we have a little more fun with it in this video. Thomas Hobbes published Leviathan (1651) in the midst of the English Civil War. Hobbes concluded that human beings could only live together if placed under the rule of an absolute sovereign. This video is a parody of "What Does the Fox Say?" and was more directly inspired by MrBettsClass, who recorded "What Does John Locke Say?" a few months before we released this video. What Does John Locke Say? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kItXvJLnTtk What Does Rousseau Say? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-oOFsOoPh_k What Does the Fox Say? (in case you live under a rock) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jofNR_WkoCE
Views: 150636 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net The Thirty Years' War was fought from 1618-1648 (Thirty Years!) in the Holy Roman Empire. It began as a conflict between Catholics and Protestants in Bohemia, but grew to involve Denmark, Sweden, and France. After the French began helping Gustavus Adolphus, the Protestant king of Sweden, the lines became blurry and the war became more about the balance of power in Europe than about religion. The Peace of Westphalia paved the way for France to become the dominant power in Western Europe and for the permanent decline of the Holy Roman Empire as a political institution. If you like this lecture, check out my other lectures for AP European History and Western Civilization!
Views: 608870 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/euro A brief summary of the French Wars of Religion for AP Euro students, including the Huguenots, Catherine de' Medici, the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre, Henry IV (of Navarre), the Edict of Nantes, and the ascendancy of the House of Bourbon
Views: 155935 Tom Richey
In order to understand the Scientific Revolution, it is essential for students to understand the new ways of scientific thinking that surfaced during the 17th century. Deductive reasoning, which uses general premises to arrive at a certain conclusion, has been around since Aristotle. In his book Novum Organum, Sir Francis Bacon advanced a new way of philosophical inquiry known as inductive reasoning, in which the inquirer comes to a probable conclusion based on several specific observations. While inductive reasoning is typically most closely associated with the scientific method, inductive reasoning has not lost its value. Rene Descartes famous phrase, "Cogito Ergo Sum," is in itself a process of induction. I present several examples of deductive and inductive reasoning, including Aristotle's classic, "All men are mortal... Socrates is a man... Socrates is mortal." I also explore the so-called "problem of induction" noted by critics such as David Hume. Although induction cannot lead to certain truth, it was never meant to lead to certain truth. Although I designed this lecture for my AP European History students, it can also be useful for those studying philosophy, communication, logic, and the scientific method.
Views: 205438 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net In the first part of my lecture on German Unification (Deutsche Einigung), I discuss German Nationalism in the early 19th century and the attempt to unify Germany on the basis of liberal nationalism after the Revolutions of 1848. The Frankfurt Parliament met and drafter a constitution for a unified Germany and offered the crown to Frederick William IV of Prussia, but he declined the "pig's crown" and German Unification would have to wait for Bismark's realpolitik.
Views: 253241 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/euro Mr. Richey discusses the nature of humanism and the Italian Renaissance with his AP European History students, including the works of notable Renaissance authors such as Petrarch, Pico della Mirandola, and Castiglione, as well as notable patrons such as the Church and the Medici family. Check out my other e-lectures on the Renaissance! Renaissance Art: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-EDxoHp4fJ0 Machiavelli: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nlLQOUnOrZU Northern Renaisance: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nWNZh913458
Views: 355426 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net Deism was a religion that was popular with Enlightenment philosophes of the 18th century in Europe and America. In contrast to "revealed" religions, such as Christianity, which rely on divine revelation from religious prophets or sacred texts, Deism is a "natural" religion, relying only on what can be empirically observed in nature to construct one's belief system. In this short lecture, I contrast the revealed religion of Christianity vs. the natural religion of Deism. This video is targeted mainly toward students taking AP US History and/or AP European History. Both courses require students to have a working knowledge of the foundations of Deist thought. I am aware that other videos out there may go more in depth and I'm okay with that.
Views: 68773 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net When studying the Age of Enlightenment, it's important to know who the Enlightenment thinkers were and what they wrote, but for this knowledge to make sense, it needs to be seen within a larger context of the overall values of the Enlightenment. I have selected five values that I think explain the general mindset of the Enlightenment thinkers (philosophes): reason, science, progress, liberty, and toleration. These are the values that inspired Voltaire, Montesquieu, and Adam Smith. This big picture approach should help students who are preparing for exams in AP European History and other subjects - and of course, lifelong learners are always welcome! Air Horn Sound Effect: Mike Koenig (soundbible.com)
Views: 35056 Tom Richey
Continued from Part I: https://youtu.be/yNCD9uTiAl0 The War of the Spanish Succession was the last, longest, and largest of the wars of Louis XIV. When Charles II, the Habsburg ruler of Spain, died without an heir (thanks to generations of inbreeding), he left the throne to Louis XIV's grandson. The nations of the Grand Alliance found this arrangement unacceptable, as it would tilt the European balance of power to far toward Louis and make it possible for the French and Spanish monarchies to combine into a single united monarchy. It is a testimony to Louis XIV's awesomeness that he was able to fight the Grand Alliance to a draw and negotiate favorable peace terms in the Treaty of Utrecht. According to the terms of the treaty, a Bourbon monarch could rule Spain as long as the monarchies of France and Spain were never combined. Louis was restricted to his pre-war boundaries and the British gained Gibraltar from Spain. Britain was now set up to cement its place as the world's pre-eminent naval power. While there is no king in France, the Bourbon dynasty still reigns in Spain today. This lecture will be helpful to students in AP European History, Western Civilization, and similar courses. Music Credits: Vadodora Chill Mix Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ Clash Defiant Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ Suonatore di Liuto Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Views: 83296 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net Just laid down another WARM WATER RECORD! Prince Klemmy aka MC Metternich is gonna tell y'all about the Congress of Vienna! LYRICS: What up Europeans! It's the ladies' pick Austrian Prince Klemens von Metternich Aristocracy’s savior I'm the man of the hour Gonna carefully restore Europe's Balance of Power Eatin’ Nationalists for breakfast Liberals for my dinner Gotta be conservative If you wanna be a winner I’m the Coachman of Europe So you better hold your horses Because all the Great Powers Are about to join forces Napoleon thought he was Too big for Elba So we threw him on a boat Straight to St Helena Threatened European peace So we set him adrift Shake the French Revolution Off like Taylor Swift Come on, Talleyrand Take a seat at the table Because Europe needs a France That is strong and stable There’s no need to punish France I just wanna keep order And restore the old 1791 borders The liberals have ideas That they wanna express But I shut their mouths up When I censored the press Stability between and Within European States It’s the goal of this order That I’m trying to create SO JOIN ME IN VIENNA WHERE A CONGRESS IS IN SESSION TOGETHER WE CAN STOP THE REVOLUTION FROM PROGRESSIN’ THIS CONSERVATIVE ORDER NO IT AIN'T GONNA FALL CAUSE I BUILD COALITIONS LIKE TRUMP BUILDS WALLS The Concert of Europe I'm conducting the show Try to start a Revolution and We’ll go toe to toe You better step in line Don't be tempted toward defiance Because I'll crush you like a bug With the Holy Alliance Russia Prussia Austria Stand together, you see Against secularism And democracy Fighting nationalism It’s a threat that’s pretty dire Cause we need to hold together Multi-ethnic empires Warm Water is the label That I represent But I don't like representative government Greek Independence No I couldn't stop that Once the Romantic poets Lent their pens to the task In Central Europe I Oversaw the formation Of a 39 state German Con-federation Try to keep things stable Diplomatic statecraft Gotta keep a watchful eye On the Burschenschaft In 1848 I was under attack I had to flee to England But NOW LOOK WHO'S BACK! Revolutionary punks I’ma make your lives shorter When you try to mess around With my conservative order SO JOIN ME IN VIENNA WHERE A CONGRESS IS IN SESSION TOGETHER WE CAN STOP THE REVOLUTION FROM PROGRESSIN’ THIS CONSERVATIVE ORDER NO IT AIN'T GONNA FALL CAUSE I BUILD COALITIONS LIKE TRUMP BUILDS WALLS
Views: 53536 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net In the second part of my lecture on German Unification, I discuss Otto von Bismarck's employment of "realpolitik" to rally the German people around his plan for a unified Germany under Prussian dominance. Bismarck created the first European welfare state in order to weaken the Social Democratic Party (which he banned) and supported liberals who wanted to industrialize Prussia while not supporting their liberal political reforms. Through the skillful use of realpolitik, Bismarck set the stage for the unification of Germany through "Blood and Iron." If you missed Part I, here it is: http://youtu.be/Y2SlWfmwQik
Views: 164007 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/euro This is the first part of my lecture series on the French Revolution, providing an introduction to the background and the causes of the chain of events that led to the Revolution. Before the French Revolution, France operated under the Old (Ancien) Regime in which the people were organized into three Estates: the First (Clergy), the Second (Nobility), and the Third (Everyone Else). The clergy and the nobility had several privileges, including exemption from paying taxes. The extravagant spending of the French monarchy combined with its inability to tax the first two estates created a financial crisis in the late 18th century. France's decision to assist the United States in the American Revolution pushed the French monarchy's finances to the breaking point, prompting King Louis XVI to call an "Assembly of Notables" in 1787 to investigate options for raising more revenue. The Assembly of Notables ended in failure, with the clergy and the nobility refusing to consent to taxation. Louis was left with no choice but to call the Estates General, where I will continue in the second lecture. This lecture is intended for AP European History and Western Civilization students, but is appropriate for high school audiences and lifelong learners, as well.
Views: 174031 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/euro Mr. Richey explains the Northern Renaissance, contrasting its religious and social spirit with the comparatively secular and individualistic Italian Renaissance. Richey also discusses the works of Thomas More and Erasmus, the foremost humanists of the Northern Renaissance.
Views: 123851 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net "Liberalism" means something different in the United States than it does in Europe. The main difference between American and European concepts of liberalism is in economic philosophy. While American liberals favor government regulation of business and social welfare programs, "economic liberalism" in Europe is about free markets and laissez-faire. In this video, I explain the difference between European and American liberalism for students who are enrolled in European History and Western Civilization courses.
Views: 39720 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/euro This is the introduction to a series of lectures on absolutism in early modern Europe. Louis XIV, Peter the Great, and the Fredericks of Prussia all had to overcome the influence of privileged groups (church, nobility, representative bodies, towns) in order to establish themselves as absolute monarchs. Check out my lectures on the absolutists: Louis XIV: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IWQfb2vtxnA
Views: 137428 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/euro A lot of students want to know what content is necessary for them to know after World War II, as it's often difficult to give that era quality coverage in class before the exam. I cover the main points in this Live Hangout. Here's an outline of stuff I covered in this overview: Cold War Marshall Plan NATO / Warsaw Pact Fall of the Berlin Wall (1989) Collapse of the Soviet Union (1991) Soviet Leaders Khrushchev - Peaceful Coexistence / "Cult of Personality" Secret Speech Brezhnev - Economic stagnation / "Brezhnev Doctrine" Put down rebellions Gorbechev - Glasnost / Perestroika - Renounced Brezhnev Doctrine 1968 Student Protests Immigration / Problems with Assimilation Guest Workers 1970s - Economic Stagnation Feminism Simone de Beauvoir (The Second Sex) Equal Pay / Access to Birth Control Social Equality vs. Political Equality Catholic Church Has NOT given the nod to abortion, birth control, ordination of female priests Anti-communist, but not necessarily pro-capitalist Margaret Thatcher (specifically Thatcher vs. Unions) European Integration EEC / Coal and Steel, etc. Treaty of Rome (EEC) Maastricht Treaty (EU 1991) The Euro Euroscepticism
Views: 52734 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/euro Mr. Richey contrasts absolutism and constitutionalism as forms of government while discussing the development of English constitutionalism in the Late Middle Ages, which started with King John signing the Magna Carta. This is the first in a series of lectures on the development of English constitutionalism for AP European History students.
Views: 87477 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/euro The Congress of Vienna met in 1814-1815 after Napoleon's defeat to create a blueprint for a peaceful and stable Europe. Prince Klemens von Metternich of Austria was instrumental in laying the groundwork for a conservative order that would last for a generation. It would be nearly 100 years before Europe erupted in another major war of Napoleonic proportions. This video is intended for students of AP European History and Western Civilization, as well as lifelong learners.
Views: 229388 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/euro In this lecture, Mr. Richey explains enlightened absolutism (aka, enlightened despotism) and the contributions of the enlightened absolutists: Frederick the Great of Prussia, Catherine the Great of Russia, and Joseph II of Austria. This lecture is intended primarily for students preparing for the AP European History exam, but will also be helpful to Western Civilization and World History students.
Views: 162474 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net At the beginning of the 19th century, Parliament was tightly controlled by wealthy landowners, many of whom represented "rotten boroughs" that were sparsely populated after workers flocked to cities during the Industrial Revolution. Election laws in place at the time only allowed about 8% of the adult male population to vote and even less to hold office due to property requirements. The landowners who controlled Parliament passed the Corn Laws in 1815, which placed a protective tariff on foreign wheat in order to keep prices artificially high (benefiting the landowning class). The urban middle class agitated for the vote and finally got it when the Reform Act of 1832 (also referred to as the Reform Bill of 1832) passed. The Reform Act of 1832 changed the property requirements so that someone didn't have to own land in order to vote, paving the way for twice as many people to vote. However, the working class still did not meet the new law's property requirements and were still not able to vote. After the Reform Act of 1832, the Chartists advocated for voting rights for all adult men over 21. In the next segment of this lecture, I will focus on the Chartist movement.
Views: 80607 Tom Richey
Tom Richey explains the requirements of the newly-released AP European History DBQ rubric. The AP Euro DBQ is scored on a seven point rubric with points scored for thesis, contextualization, correct use of the documents, outside evidence, and complex understanding. TomRichey.net 8 Month Writing Clinic: http://www.tomrichey.net/writing-clinic.html Links to Parts II & III of this video: Part II (The Documents): https://youtu.be/_Az9oLdlWjo Part III (Evidence and Understanding): https://youtu.be/8PcP6NCXsNM
Views: 36557 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment were similar in so many ways that it's easy to confound the two movements. In this lecture, I use a graphic organizer to go over the similarities and differences between the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment, noting how the Scientific Revolution influenced the Enlightenment and how the Enlightenment expanded the scope by applying scientific principles to the organization of society.
Views: 133477 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net When the Protestant Reformation began, Henry VIII opposed Martin Luther and sided with the Catholic Church. This changed when his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, did not provide him with a live son to inherit his kingdom. Henry VIII asked the Pope for an annulment (since the Catholic Church does not recognize divorce, per se) and decided to leave the Catholic Church when his request was rejected. Parliament passed the Act of Supremacy in 1534, which declared Henry to be the "Supreme Head" of the Church of England. As Supreme Head of the Church of England, Henry dissolved the monasteries and sold Church lands to generate revenue. He also divorced Catherine and married Ann Boleyn. As far as doctrine, however, Henry did very little, making his Reformation the most conservative of the Reformation movements. I will be posting Part 2 of this lecture soon, in which I will address the progress of the Reformation during reigns of Henry's children.
Views: 214148 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net In the third part of my lecture on the Revolutions of 1848, I take a snapshot of a critical point in the process of Italian Unification. The failed Revolutions of 1848 in Italy resulted in the a paradigm shift from Mazzini's romantic republican nationalism to a more pragmatic and successful nationalism. This is the fourth part in a five part series on the Revolutions of 1848. Check out my AP European History Review Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLfzs_X6OQBOxudw-bxvxBuTWvh6bwaVhQ
Views: 68922 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net I've posted lectures on Luther, Calvin, and the Counter-Reformation, but I felt the need to post one specifically on the subject of Free Will as it relates to the Reformation and the differences between Catholic, Lutheran, and Calvinist doctrines concerning the roles of Free Will and God's Grace in the attainment of salvation.
Views: 21498 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net This is the second part of my lecture on the Second Industrial Revolution (1850-1914), focusing on military technologies that were developed during this time. To explain the technological achievements of the Second Industrial Revolution, I compare armaments used during the American Civil War and World War I. While the Civil War employed technologies that were an improvement over pre-industrial wars (e.g., repeating rifles), these technologies were child's play compared to technologies that existed 50 years later (e.g., machine guns, poison gas, airplanes). If you missed the first part of my lecture on the Second Industrial Revolution, click here to watch:
Views: 28091 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/euro Mr. Richey explains the Treaty of Versailles as a shopping spree, discussing the Fourteen Points, Alsace-Lorraine, and the War Guilt Clause. I made this video for magnoliaax33, a fashion YouTuber who watches my AP European History videos for whatever reason. I hope she likes it! https://www.youtube.com/user/magnoliaax33
Views: 37830 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net The Anti-federalists were opposed to the ratification of the Constitution because they believed that the stronger central government that it would create would undermine principles of republicanism, states' rights, and limited government. It was the Federalists vs. the Anti-federalists in a fierce struggle over ratification. Although the Constitution was ratified, the Anti-federalists helped to shape the document by insisting on the inclusion of a Bill of Rights. Please subscribe to my channel for more lecture on US History and Government!
Views: 44195 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/eoc In this segment of the US History EOC Review series, Tom Richey gives a brief overview of the Reconstruction era, comparing Presidential Reconstruction and Radical Reconstruction and explaining the significance of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments. This lecture addresses USHC 3.3 in the South Carolina curriculum standards for US History and the Constitution.
Views: 23024 Tom Richey
While I was running a parking lot before a football game, I found myself in the midst of a teachable moment! All of the people running the parking lots on our street had agreed to a set price and had agreed on a system of sharing incoming traffic rather than competing with each other. We had formed a trust! In the late 19th century, American corporations formed combinations known as trusts in order to reduce competition and regulate production and prices. Trusts became very unpopular during the Gilded Age because they were not seen as being helpful to the consumer or to the market. In 1890, Congress passed the Sherman Antitrust Act, a weak piece of legislation that was strengthened by the Clayton Antitrust Act in 1914. For more AP US History review videos and materials, subscribe to my channel and visit my website (http://www.tomrichey.net)
Views: 14087 Tom Richey
A lecture by Tom Richey on positive and negative liberty, based on Isaiah Berlin's 1958 essay, Two Concepts of Liberty.
Views: 90642 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/euro Timestamps: 02:11 - Thomas Hobbes (Leviathan) 09:33 - John Locke (Two Treatises of Government) 13:00 - Compare/Contrast with Graphic Organizer Mr. Richey discusses the works of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, two of the most influential philosophers of government in the seventeenth century. Hobbes and Locke were both influential in the development of social contract theory. In Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes advances the idea of a permanent social contract in which people give up sovereignty to a governing authority in order to avoid the state of nature, which is a state of war with "every man against every man." After the Glorious Revolution, John Locke responded with his Two Treatises of Government, in which he argued that people enter into a social contract and form a government in order to preserve their natural rights (life, liberty, and property). In Locke's social contract, the people retain sovereignty and reserve the right to alter or abolish the social contract if the government fails to protect their natural rights. I spend the first part of the lecture providing a summary of Hobbes' Leviathan, followed by a summary of Locke, then I use a graphic organizer to compare and contrast Hobbes' and Locke's social contract philosophies, noting key similarities and differences between the two theorists. Mastodon's Leviathan album is brought in from time to time just because it's awesome. This lecture is designed specifically for AP European History students studying Absolutism and Constitutionalism in preparation for their exam, but can also serve students in other disciplines, such as US History and Government, as well. I use a picture in this video (Green Nature) that should be attributed to Rudolf Getel. I neglected to do so in the video, so I am doing so here.
Views: 605683 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/eoc In this segment of the US History EOC Review series, Tom Richey discusses the foreign policy plans of Teddy Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson. Teddy Roosevelt's Big Stick foreign policy asserted a heavy handed influence over Latin America as a corollary to the Monroe Doctrine. William Howard Taft's Dollar Diplomacy was focused on protecting American business interests in Latin America. Woodrow Wilson's Moral Diplomacy (also known as Missionary Diplomacy) sought to support democratically-elected governments - a policy that would echo in Wilson's War Message when he stated that America's role was to make the world safe for democracy. This lecture addresses USHC 5.3 in the South Carolina curriculum standards for US History and the Constitution.
Views: 12995 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net John Stuart Mill, a 19th century English philosopher, wrote three books at are still widely-read today: On Liberty, Utilitarianism, and The Subjection of Women. This is a brief introduction to Mill and his work for students taking survey-level courses in philosophy and AP European History.
Views: 106715 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/writing-clinic Tom Richey explains the 2017 AP European History LEQ (Long Essay Question) Rubric, which requires students to respond to a prompt that requires one of three tasks (continuity and change, comparison, or causation) and to demonstrate the ability to contextualize, form a thesis-driven argument, support it with evidence, and demonstrate a complex understanding of the topic. LINK FOR SAMPLE AP EURO LEQ (Comparison): https://www.tomrichey.net/uploads/3/2/1/0/32100773/sample_leq_-_italian_and_northern_renaissance.pdf
Views: 27561 Tom Richey
Jean-Paul Sartre's famous quote, "Hell is other people," has often been quoted but typically out of context. This quote, which appears in his play, No Exit, refers to a human being's loss of subjectivity when seeking the approval of other people. Sartre's point was not to criticize other people but to point out the objectification and loss of freedom that come along with needing the approval of others. Subjectivity is the core of Jean-Paul Sartre's existentialist philosophy, which stressed the freedom of human beings to define themselves in a subjective world. While I hope this video is helpful to people who need an introduction, I dabble in philosophy and often find myself consulting a pro like Dr. Gregory Sadler when I want to delve deeper into a philosophical topic. Check out his channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/gbisadler
Views: 41919 Tom Richey
A lecture by Tom Richey on linkage institutions (elections, the media, parties, and interest groups) for AP Government and Politics students This lecture addresses AP Government content relevant to Opinion, Media, Parties, and Elections.
Views: 10333 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/frenchrevolution The Civil Constitution of the Clergy was enacted by the French National Constituent Assembly in 1790 in order to establish the French Catholic Church as a civil religion. Rather than simply separating Church and State, the Civil Constitution placed the Church under state control with several regulations. The Civil Constitution of the Clergy provides an important link between the liberal French Revolution of 1789 and the radical French Revolution of 1793. This lecture is chiefly intended for AP European History students, but will be good for World History and Western Civilization courses, as well as lifelong learners. To download the PowerPoint slides for this lecture, visit my website: http://www.tomrichey.net/slides/historypowerpoints
Views: 54583 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/euro Mr. Richey explains the causes leading to the Protestant Reformation - specifically problems facing the Catholic Church in the early 16th century. While the lecture is specifically to prepare students for the AP European History exam, it is also suitable for those who have a general interest in Church History.
Views: 129706 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net/euro An introduction to Machiavelli's political pragmatism using selections from his classic work, The Prince, for AP European History students who want to review for the exam. This is the first in my upcoming series on "civic virtue" in the Renaissance. Bill Clinton makes a brief appearance.
Views: 99039 Tom Richey
Tom Richey goes through the powers of the presidency for AP Government students in this short review lecture for the AP Government and Politics exam. Powers of the Presidency: 1. Commander in Chief 2. Chief Executive 3. Chief Diplomat 4. Head of State 5. Party Leader 6. Chief Legislator 7. Scapegoat in Chief
Views: 9525 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net In the first segment of my lecture on the Wars of Louis XIV, I discuss Louis' motivations for going to war and give a brief overview of the War of Devolution, the Franco-Dutch War, and the Nine Years' War (with the most attention given to the Franco-Dutch War). In the next segment, I will discuss the War of the Spanish Succession, with emphasis on its causes and consequences. Louis XIV is an AP Euro god.
Views: 78664 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net This is the second part of my lecture on the English Reformation. Access Part I here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JxYzLCvPyfs Henry VIII was succeeded by his son, Edward VI, who supported the development of a distinctly Protestant Church of England. During Edward's reign, Archbishop Thomas Cranmer wrote the Book of Common Prayer and scrapped the practice of clerical celibacy. After Edward's death, Mary I ("Bloody Mary") attempted to return England to Catholicism but died before she could cement her counter-reformation. It was during the long reign of Elizabeth I that Protestantism was firmly established, though not without difficulty. Philip II of Spain attempted to invade England, but his Spanish Armada was defeated by a more maneuverable English fleet and by the weather. By the end of Elizabeth's reign, England was an established Protestant country and an established naval power in Europe.
Views: 114599 Tom Richey
http://www.tomrichey.net In this segment of my series on Women and the French Revolution, I discuss Mary Wollstonecraft's role as a VINDICATOR for women during the French Revolution. In 1790, Edmund Burke, a notable member of Parliament, published a scathing rebuke of the French Revolution, its aims, and its principles. At a time when it wasn't appropriate for a woman to engage in public debate, Mary Wollstonecraft responded to Burke with her Vindication of the Rights of Man. After finishing at this work, Wollstonecraft began writing A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, the work for which she is best known. Wollstonecraft's willingness to step into the arena and engage the public in debates about liberalism and feminism. This is part of my Women and the French Revolution series: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLfzs_X6OQBOwDhTlP9P__DSDQCVNpS1zj
Views: 35281 Tom Richey